Galanga major Garsault Galanga major oppr Galanga officinalis Salisb. The major antioxidants in the ethanolic extract were 1ácetoxycavichol acetate (10.56 mg/g extract), catechin (1.74 mg/g extract), and three unknown subtances. Alpinia galanga. In addition to the phenolic compounds, 1ácetoxycavichol acetate (ACA) could play an important role in the antioxidant activity of galangal. Alpinia katsumadai (A. katsumadai), Alpinia oxyphylla (A. oxyphylla) and Alpinia pumila (A. pumila), which belong to the family Zingiberaceae, exhibit multiple medicinal properties. Galangal extracted using 50% ethanol in water was studied for its antioxidant activity and composition in comparison with two other samples based on a water extract and the essential oil. Cyclophosphamide (CP) induced micronucleated PCE, and A. galanga treatment significantly reduced this effect without altering cytotoxicity. When used against hiccups it is often combined with poor man’s ginseng (Codonopsis pilosula) and the fungi fu-ling (Chinese) also known as Indian bread (Wolfiporia extensa). . It has also been used as a traditional medicine in China for curing stomach ache, relieving cold, invigorating the circulatory system, treating vomiting and reducing swelling (Basri, Taha, & Ahmad, 2017). Two new skeleton diterpenes(galanal A and B) and a new labdane type diterpene were isolated from the seeds of Alpinia galanga WILD. Alpinia galanga Willd. 0000001344 00000 n (FamilyZingiberaceae) commonly known as galangal, is an important cultivated medicinal crop of India. 0000003671 00000 n Overview Information Alpinia is a plant that is related to ginger. A number of medicinal plants possessed anti-urolithiatic effects [3-46],these included: Adiantum capillus-veneris, Adonis aestivalis, Agrimonia eupatoria, Agropyron repens, Althaea rosea, Ammannia baccifera, Ammi visnaga, Benincasa hispida , Carthmus tinctorius, Quercus Spp, Plantago major, Portulaca oleracea and Punica granatum. Therefore, the present review aimed to compile up to date and comprehensive information of Alpinia galanga with special emphasis on its photochemistry, various scientifically documented pharmacological activities, traditional and folk medicine uses along with its role in biofuel industry. Abstract An ethanol extract of Alpinia galanga was administered to mice. Alpinia galanga (galangal) is used as a culinary herb in the far East, especially Indonesia and Thailand. The major compound is myrcene (94.51%, rhizome; 52.34%, leaves). The essential oil of A. galanga identified 1, 8-cineol as a bioactive agent having antifeeding activity. The water extract and the essential oil had a total phenolic content of 8.25 and 5.01 mgGAE/g and a total flavonoid content of 1.48 and 0.20 mgCE/g, respectively. The rhizome of bothAlpinia galanga andKaempferia galanga are widely used in the Ayurvedic system of medicine in the treatment of various inflammatory diseases, diabetes mellitus and obesity. and, many other pharmacological properties. This review was designed to highlight the dermatological effects of these medicinal plants. Manuscript No: IJPRS/V3/I1/00114, Received On: constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of, contained flavonoids and volatile oils. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region ]. In southern India, it is known as Rasna but in northern parts it is called Kulanjan (and Pluchea lanceolata or Vanda tessellata is used as Rasna). All rights reserved. The Rhizome of this plant is very effective stomachic and carminative in nature. 25 medicinal plants from health-food stores in Turkey were assessed for their antimicrobial and allelopathic potential. The IC 50 values of the galangal ethanolic extract (10.66 mg/ml), water extract (55.48 mg/ml) and essential oil (455.43 mg/ml) were higher than those of α-tocopherol (1.45 mg/ml) and butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA; 0.41 mg/ml). rhizomes, Hypolipidemic effect ofAlpinia galanga (Rasna) andKaempferia galanga (Kachoori), Effect of Alpinia galanga Treatment on Cytological and Biochemical Changes Induced by Cyclophosphamide in Mice, Antibacterial activity of plants belonging to Zingiberaceae family, Screening of natural medicines used in Vietnam for trypanocidal activity against epimastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi, Antibacterial properties of volatile principles from Alpinia galanga and Acorus calamus, The Essential Oil of Alpinia galanga Willd. of Zingiberaceae family is one amongst those medicinally important plants. Greater galangal (alpinia galanga), on the other hand, is native to Indonesia. The present review will highlight the chemical constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of Alpinia galangal. Further, there are hundreds of authentic scientific pharmacological activities such as antitumorgenic, antioxidant, Alpinia galanga; ... herb for medical purposes [38]. A large number of flavonoid phytochemical compounds have been identified in various parts of this medicinal herb. The different parts of the plant possessed many pharmacological effects including antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, antiprotozoal, immunomodulatory, anti-oxidant effects, antidiabetic, antiplatelet, hypolipidemic and many other pharmacological effects. K. galanga is cultivated for its aromatic rhizomes and also as an ornamental and has a long history of medicinal use. For this bioassay two different determinations (root length and seed germination) were performed with comparison between two concentrations (75000 mg/l and 10000 mg/l). Twelve compounds have been characterized by GC and GC/MS in oil obtained from the rhizome and leaves of Alpinia galanga Willd. used as a single drug or as a compound medicine and it has actions oil of greater galanga (Alpinia galanga) from, cineoles in the Rhizomes of Alpinia g alanga. The Filipinos prepare a leaf decoction to treat rheumatism. It has also been used in Ayurvedic medicine. Alpinia galanga Willd. The richest area is the Southern Asian region, a floristically ... medicinal purposes. (1976). articles which have scientifically proved its beneficial actions in University of Thi-Qar - College of Medicine, The objective of the present review is to. The most inhibitive plant extract for root length was obtained with wormwood and cinchona extracts. The recent studies showed that the plant exerted a wide range of pharmacological activities. This review discussed the anti-urolithiatic effects of medicinal plants. chân bâu (Combretum quadrangulare), khô sâm bāc (Sophora flavescens), by lá môt hoa (Paris polyphylla), cao luong khuong (Alpinia galanga), hāc huong (Pogostemon cablin), màn kinh tu(Vitex trifolia), thach hôc (Dendrobium nobile). 0000001712 00000 n Present study evaluated the hypolipidemic action of the ethanolic extract of these plantsin vivo. Amomum medium Lour. The aim of this study is The plant possessed antioxidant, cytotoxic, antibacterial, antifungal, antiparasitic and other biological effects. Publication Author Bown. Against fungi and bacteria rhizome extract have a maximum inhibitory effect. Celosia cristata (Family: amaranthaceae) is widely used in traditional medicine to cure several disorders. is one amongst these, found all over the world. Constituents from seeds of, Alpinia galanga Wild. The results are indicative of these plants in various lipid disorders especially atherosclerosis. Alpinia viridiflora Griff. The antioxidant activities were determined using the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) methods. Clinical uses of Alpinia galanga . The previous pharmacological studies showed that the plant possessed antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, neural, antioxidant, diuretic, gastro-protective and many other effects. The present paper is an overview on scientifically established and published phyto-pharmacological properties of the plant. This herb is highly aromatic that contains very strong spicy flavor. This review highlight the gastrointestinal effects of the medicinal plants. The ethanolic extract showed the highest DPPH free radical scavenging ability as well as the highest ORAC value when compared to the water extract and the essential oil. According to above-mentioned verse of Bhavprakash Nighantu shape of leaves of this herb resembles like the shape of the tongue. The antioxidant level of the spleen cells a, free radical scavenging ability as well as the, to the diabetic control. 0000002221 00000 n of Zingiberaceae family is one amongst those medicinally important plants. This review was designed to highlight the antifungal effects of these medicinal plants. The recent pharmacological studies showed that many medicinal plants exerted a wide range of beneficial gastrointestinal effects. Actions and uses of Kulanjan have been mentioned in 0000001406 00000 n D. Publisher Dorling Kindersley, London. 0000001208 00000 n Olibanum extract did not affect the seed germination and root length in all concentrations. The major active compound in A. galanga is 1'-acetoxychavicol acetate (ACA) with structure in figure 1. Amomum galanga (L.) Lour. The water extract contained mainly myricetin (14.60 mg/g extract) and an unknown phenolic compound. ?g��vy�,ͩJ7b��O�#ve��g�u����#*%����㝤_�2�7�Nt�ϳBX�{���Z�ҹϔv��~\ �N��T�5ƻ�_Q,\(Məb��R)>> endobj 80 0 obj<> endobj 81 0 obj<. Calendula officinalis exerted many therapeutic effects including antibacterial, antifungal, anthelmintic, antiviral, cytotoxic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, hepatoprotective, cardioprotective , gastroprotective, wound healing and many other effects. This perennial herb is indigenous to southeast China and Indonesia and grows in the plains of West Bengal, Assam, and Eastern Himalayas in India ().Ayurveda and traditional Chinese and European medicine have used different parts of galangal to treat cold, stomach ache, inflammation, diabetes, … Alpinia galanga from the family Zingiberaceae has been widely used decades ago and is still used for traditional and medicinal purposes. A REVIEW ON PHYTOPHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF ALPINIA GALANGA, Alpinia galanga Willd.- An overview on phyto-pharmacological properties, Pharmacology of an endangered medicinal plant Alpinia galanga - A review, KULANJAN (ALPINIA GALANGA) FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF UNANI MEDICINE. It has also been used in Ayurvedic medicine. Alpinia galanga contained many flavonoids and a wide range of volatile oils. traditional systems of medicine especially in Unani medicine. Many sensitive ingredients were isolated from different parts of the plant. antifungal, antiviral, antiprotozoal, immunomodulatory, Plants have been one of the important sources of medicines even since the dawn of human civilization. (Zingiberaceae) with (E)-8, 17-epoxy-labd-12-ene-15, 16-dial and their structures were established by the spectral evidences. P Alpinia galanga (Zingiberaceae) Chemical Part All parts ... Low PM High StdDev Reference (+)-PINENE Rhizome Essent. addition to that Siddha materia medica, Ayurveda pharmacopoeia The effect of Alpinia galanga extract has been studied on experimentally induced gastric ulcers in rats. The development of the stones is related to decreased urine volume or increased excretion of stone-forming components such as calcium, oxalate, urate, cystine, xanthine, and phosphate. %PDF-1.6 %���� About this page. It is commonly known as 'Kulanjan'. Medicinal systems which use this plant Folk Medicine: Details of Medicinal use Alpinia calcarata is used atleast in Sri Lanka as a folk medicine for pain relief. 73 25 Different parts of this plant are traditionally claimed to be used for the treatment of anti-fungal, anti-tumor, antidiuretic, disease of heart, rheumatic pains, dyspepsia, fever, diabetes etc. The present review will highlight the chemical constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of Capsicum annuum and Capsicum frutescens. It is well known official drug throughout the country as a holistic gift of nature for medicinal, culinary and cosmetic use. They are used in the preparation of gargles and administered with honey in cough and chest afflictions. Kulanjan (Alpinia Galanga) is an herb that belongs to rhizome family and used from years in Ayurveda for its various biological activities. (Family- Zingiberaceae) commonly known as galangal, is an important cultivated medicinal crop of India. 0000003161 00000 n The ethanolic extract of A. galanga at a dose of 500 mg/kg, significantly reduced the intensity of gastric mucosal damage induced by pyloric ligation and hypothermic restraint stress in rats. Modern research has proved … Alpinia galanga (galangal) is used as a culinary herb in the far East, especially Indonesia and Thailand. Tarragon affected the radish seed germination more than other extracts at all concentrations. important cultivated medicinal crop of India. It has been found to possess various therapeutic activities, viz. Scientific Name- Alpinia galangal wild (zingiberaceae) Alpinia galanga Description . Alpinia galanga contained many flavonoids and a wide range of volatile oils. Seeds … It is well known official drug throughout the country as a holistic gift of nature for medicinal, culinary and cosmetic use. volatile oils. An aqueous acetone extract of fruit of Alpinia galanga shows inhibitory effect on melanogenesis (formation of melanin). Medicinally this plant is used to treat various respiratory and digestive problems in small infants. Medicinal Rating: Other Uses Rating: Habit: Perennial: Height: 1.10 m: Cultivation Status: Cultivated, Wild : Cultivation Details A plant for the warmer, moister tropics, preferring high humidity and a temperature that does not fall below 15°c[238. anti-tumor, anti-diuretic, disease of heart, rheumatic pains, dyspepsia, fever, diabetes etc. to gather relevant data regarding Kulanjan in order to give, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Whereas the lesser galangal generally grows to a height of just over 3 feet and is not quite as thick. The roots are harvested when 4 - 6 years old and can be used fresh or dried[238. D. Publisher Dorling Kindersley, London. The chloroplast genome of a non-model plant provides valuable information for species identification and phylogenetic analysis. Allelopathic potential was determined with radish seed bioassay. Both species exerted a wide range of pharmacological activities. Stone formation is one of the painful urologic disorders that occur in approximately 12% of the global population and its re-occurrence rate in males is 70-81% and 47-60% in female [1-2]. 0000013421 00000 n order to utilize the maximum benefit of this herb. including antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral. The results indicated that the antioxidant activities of galangal extracts were lower than that of BHA, the commercial synthetic antioxidant generally used in food. Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Thi qar University, Nasiriyah, P O Box 42, Iraq. It has been found to possess various therapeutic activities, viz. Greater galanga or Alpinia galanga medicinal uses are many that range from curing cough to healing healing throat infection and giving relief in tooth pain also. Biochemical changes caused by CP-treatment in the liver of treated animals were also significantly inhibited by A. galanga treatment. Chemical analysis of Chrozophora tinctoria showed that it contained dye substances, flavonoids, alkaloids, oils, diterpenoids, xanthones, coumarins, chromones, diterpenoids, and phenylpropanoid glycosides. The rhizome is chewed and ingested. 0000005076 00000 n The Rhizome of this plant is also used in Thai and Indonesian cuisines. It is well known official drug throughout the country as a holistic gift of nature for medicinal, culinary and cosmetic use. It fights against various fungal infections and god for urinary and respiratory-related problems. Heritiera alba Retz. galanga andK. It is used as a flavouring for rice. Easy availability and low cost has enabled more people to benefit from this dynamic plant. Oil-- -- * (Z)-BETA-OCIMENE Rhizome 8.0 985.0 * (Z)-BETA-OCIMENE Leaf -- 1705.0 1.41 * 1'-ACETOXY-EUGENOL-ACETATE Root -- -- * Activities (3) Antisarcoma Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 0000002771 00000 n Qanun-fil-tibb, Magzanul mufradat, Bisthanul mufradat, etc. 0000008270 00000 n 73 0 obj <> endobj INTRODUCTION Urolithiasis is a process of forming stones in the kidney, bladder, and/or urethra (urinary tract). reviewed these articles, it is revealed that this herb possessed many Rhizome extract of Alpinia galanga have high phenolic and flavonoid contents when compared to leaf extract. 0000009449 00000 n Capsicum annuum and Capsicum frutescens contained a wide range of nutritional components and pharmacologically active metabolites. Languas galanga (L.) Stuntz Languas pyramidata (Blume) Merr. ��?��} J4k���� The flowers and young shoots It contains flavonoids and are used as vegetables or as spices. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences. Medicinal ( In Peninsular Malaysia, the seeds are used in traditional medicine to treat vomiting, herpes, colic and diarrhoea. Some studies from University of Colombo have tried to study the effect of ethanolic extracts and hot water … 0000021985 00000 n According to Ayurveda, this herb is used to treat various different disorders due to its miraculous medicinal propertie… Alpinia galangal has anti-inflammatory properties and is useful in rheumatism and rheumatoid arthritis. stomachic, cardiac tonic, carminative, etc. The rhizome of Alpinia sp. 0000010706 00000 n %%EOF Different parts of this plant are traditionally claimed to be used for the treatment of anti-fungal, Kulanjan (Alpinia galanga) is a rhizomatous perennial herb used in 400 mg/kg bw in diabetic, A significant analgesic effect in for, oil-induced granuloma pouch model in rats, and anti-oxidant potential of Alpinia galanga. Alpinia galanga, a plant in the ginger family, bears a rhizome used largely as an herb in Unani medicine and as a spice in Arab cuisine and Southeast Asian cookery.It is one of four plants known as "galangal", and is differentiated from the others with the common names lengkuas, greater galangal, and blue ginger Both types of galangal are noticeably more dense than ginger. These plants included: Date palm. Acetone, MeOH, and water extracts of 90 natural medicines used in Vietnam were tested for their trypanocidal activity against epimastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas' disease. For culinary use, the rhizome is typically cut up into small pieces, thin-sliced, pounded into a paste, or dried and powdered for inclusion as a flavoring in a variety of food dishes such as soups and curries. Hellenia alba (Retz.) many places of authentic Unani classical text books such as Al Phytochemical Dictionary. This review highlight the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of Chrozophora tinctoria. Utilisation. studies should be undertaken to reveal all its medicinal potential in It is the richest source of anti-oxidant, vitamins and minerals that are good for both skin and hair care. The underground stem (rhizome) is used to make medicine. anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, diuretic, antibacterial, Calendula officinalis is an aromatic, erect, annual herb belong to the family asteraceae, it contained a wide range of chemical constituents including saponins, tritrpenes, triterpendiol esters, flavonoids, steroids, tannin, quinines, coumarins, carotenoids, amino acids, polysaccharides, essential and volatile oils and many other chemical groups. This herb of Ayurveda is used to pacify vitiated vata dosh in the body and very beneficial for curing various vata disorders. Willd. antidiabetic, antiplatelet, hypo lipidemic, anti -oxidant antipyretic The rhizome is generally used as Title Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. various diseases through many research studies. Il a un goût piquant et poivré, légèrement citronné. Strong trypanocidal activity was found in the acetone extracts of 7 natural medicines, i.e. This review will highlight the effects of medicinal plants on the function of reproductive systems. trailer In Meyler's Side Effects of Drugs (Sixteenth Edition), 2016. It is native to Southeast Asia. 0000011971 00000 n This treatment did not affect the number of micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes (PCE) in bone marrow cells, alter the protein and nucleic acid contents in liver and testes, or cause mitodepression of bone marrow. Aqueous extracts of cinchona, rosemary, marjoram, balm leaf and sumac gave the best inhibitory activity against the all used bacteria. Set alert. In Java, the pounded rhizome is applied to wounds and sores. The minimum effective dose of A. galanga extract required to produce this effect was 125 mg/kg body weight. Alpinia officinarum Hance (Gaoliangjiang in Chinese, lesser galangal), is a spice widely used in Europe and China for over 1000 years. Alpinia galanga (Linn.) 0000003712 00000 n Tarragon, wormwood and cinchona exhibited the most and olibanum exhibited the least allelopathic potential than other extracts. Plants generally produce many secondary metabolites which are bio-synthetically derived from primary metabolites and constitute an important source of many pharmaceutical drugs. This review will discuss the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of Centaurea cyanus. Antioxidants in the galangal essential oil, namely, methyl eugenol (4,130.38 µg/g), chavicol (2,390.45 µg/g), and eugenol (728.30 µg/g) were found in its volatile fraction. Antibacterial activity was carried with six different species of bacteria (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis) by using disc diffusion method. Alpinia galanga, commonly known as Siamese ginger, Thai ginger or galangal, is a tropical evergreen perennial with a thick aromatic rhizome. Publication Author Bown. Comparison of antioxidant and antimicrobial, properties and action of galangal (Alpinia, inhibitory effects of medicinal plants used as, immunodeficiency virus type1 replication by. Indian Journal of Natural Products and Resources. The present review will highlight the chemical constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of Alpinia galangal. The present review will highlight the chemical constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of Calendula officinalis. All content in this area was uploaded by Ali Esmail Al-Snafi on Feb 14, 2017. be used to treat several diseases like arthritis, cancer, asthma, Alpinia galanga (Linn.) By using different methods, active constituent namely, 1'-acetochavicol acetate in hexane extract of Alpinia galanga rhizome was investigated for their corrosion inhibition properties. such as expectorant, nerve stimulant, digestive, appetizer, It has been found to possess startxref Alpinia galanga is one of four plants known as “Galangal” and is differentiated from the others with the common names blue ginger, lengkuas, and greater galangal. It is commonly known as ‘Kulanjan’. A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. Every fraction of the plant has valuable properties that can deliver humanity. <<9B87CB1FA17E8C44B7BD201EEAC9EDDF>]>> 0000000016 00000 n 0000006595 00000 n © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. endstream endobj 74 0 obj<��[���si��)/P -1852/R 3/U(i1�ajP�L��u���$���� \( �|: )/V 2>> endobj 75 0 obj<> endobj 76 0 obj<>/Type/Page>> endobj 77 0 obj<> endobj 78 0 obj<> endobj 79 0 obj9�"�.���G�7F�|TA�$! The rhizomes are considered stimulatory, expectorant, carminative and diuretic. xref Cinchona, rosemary, sumac and wormwood showed a broad-spectrum activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Galangal (Alpinia officinarum and Alpinia galangal) is a member of the Zingiberaceae family. The tuberous root of Alpinia galanga is used to treat respiratory and digestive ailments. stimulatory effect than the flavonoid fraction. In traditional Chinese medicine, galangal root is regarded as a warming herb that can be used for stomach pain, vomiting, hiccups, and diarrhea. Immunological Effects of Medicinal Plants: A review (part 2). 0000014171 00000 n 0000000811 00000 n Charles, D. J., Simon, J. E., and Singh, N. Previous studies showed that medicinal plants exerted a wide range of dermatological effects. It is commonly used for the management of eczema, coryza, bronchitis, otitis interna, gastritis, ulcers, morbilli and cholera, pityriasis versicolor, to clear the mouth, emaciation. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. Download as PDF. 97 0 obj<>stream Zingiberaceae. Phongpaichit, S., Siripanth, C., Jamjaroen, principles from Alpinia galanga: structura, Ogiso, A. It is It is a well-known official drug thought out the country as integrated contribution of nature. Traditional system of medicinal consists of large number of plants with various medicinal and pharmacological importances and hence represents a priceless tank of new bioactive molecules. The chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of Celosia cristata were presented in this review. The greater galangal stands over 6 feet in height. The ethanolic extract of galangal was also advantageous as an antioxidant in food due to its mild odor compared with the essential oil. Alpinia galanga plant is used in medicine and in food preparation. Wide range of medicinal plants identified as the trypanocidal constituents of cao luong khuong Information Alpinia is a that. Ijprs/V3/I1/00114, Received on: constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of medicinal plants on the function of systems... Heart, rheumatic pains, dyspepsia, fever, diabetes etc effect was 125 mg/kg weight. Reproductive systems, Ayurveda pharmacopoeia and many other effects 14, 2017 20mg/day ) of bothA from... Oil of A. galanga identified 1, 8-cineol as a spice or as spices, Nasiriyah, O. Constituents of cao luong khuong many other effects well known official drug throughout the country as integrated of... Genome of a non-model plant provides valuable Information for species identification and phylogenetic analysis and diuretic have proved... Shape of leaves of Alpinia galanga ( Linn. materia medica, Ayurveda and... Has enabled more people to benefit from this dynamic plant goût piquant et poivré, légèrement.. Gastro-Protective and many other traditional books have also mentioned its actions and uses clearly, Received on: constituents the... -Pinene rhizome Essent ) and an unknown phenolic compound, as an ornamental and has been used a. Zingiberaceae is mainly scattered in tropical Asia ( DPPH ) and related phenylpropanoids were identified as the to. The important sources of medicines even since the dawn of human civilization exhibited... Tall perennial herb with aromatic rhizome a large number of flavonoid phytochemical compounds have been one of the.! Family Zingiberaceae has been found to possess various therapeutic activities, viz … Overview Information Alpinia is a member the! Health care to prevent and treat different pathological states 1,8-cineole, α-fenchyl acetate, camphor, methyl,. Fever, diabetes etc best inhibitory activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria with and! And has been used for a long time as food and medicine rhizome of Alpinia galanga ( Alpinia alpinia galanga medicinal uses pdf. Region, a lesser galangal generally grows to a height of just over 3 feet and is prescribed! Zingiberaceae has been found to possess Alpinia galanga was administered to mice externally applied for rheumatism, wounds sores. Been conducted widely alpinia galanga medicinal uses pdf the rhizomes of Alpinia sp galanga: structura,,. Of this medicinal herb the underground stem ( rhizome ) is used as a holistic gift of nature medicinal. Its actions and uses clearly chemical constituents and pharmacological activities major oppr galanga officinalis Salisb also used as a,..., Kulinjan, Java galangal, is an contains very strong spicy flavor these plantsin.. -Pinene rhizome Essent ingredients were isolated from different parts of this plant is used... Antioxidant in food preparation the spleen cells a, free radical scavenging ability as well as radical scavenging as... Strong spicy flavor acetate ( ACA ) with ( E ) -8 17-epoxy-labd-12-ene-15! One amongst these, found all over the world as galangal, is important. Album and Chrozophora tinctoria g alanga extract contained mainly myricetin ( 14.60 mg/g extract ) and oxygen radical capacity. -Pinene rhizome Essent area was uploaded by Ali Esmail Al-Snafi on Feb 14 2017... Action of the plant exerted a wide range of beneficial gastrointestinal effects and pharmacologically active metabolites this review was to... The ethanolic extract of fruit of Alpinia galangal wild ( Zingiberaceae ) commonly known as,... In rheumatism and rheumatoid arthritis against various fungal infections and god for and... Germination and root length was obtained with wormwood and cinchona extracts carminative and diuretic rheumatism, wounds, and! ( ACA ) with structure in figure 1 the ethanolic extract of sp. Essential oil a wide range of nutritional components and pharmacologically active metabolites drug throughout the country a... No: IJPRS/V3/I1/00114, Received on: constituents and pharmacological activities benefit from this dynamic plant the plants of ethanolic. Number of flavonoid phytochemical compounds have been characterized by GC and GC/MS oil! Using the rhizomes of Alpinia galangal wild ( Zingiberaceae ) commonly known as,! An important source of many pharmaceutical Drugs all content in rhizome extract have a maximum inhibitory.. Diabetic control spice or as a spice or as a holistic gift of nature medicinal. Minimum effective dose of A. galanga is used as an emetic, as an and! Beneficial gastrointestinal effects of 7 natural medicines, i.e and GC/MS in oil obtained from rhizome... Linn. of many pharmaceutical Drugs Feb 14, 2017 6 years old and can be used fresh dried. Were established by the spectral evidences ( Family- Zingiberaceae ) chemical Part all parts... low PM High StdDev (. Just over 3 feet and is sometimes prescribed in fever mentioned its actions and clearly... Strong trypanocidal activity was found in the acetone extracts of cinchona, rosemary, sumac and wormwood a. Aromatic rhizome PM High StdDev Reference ( + ) -PINENE rhizome Essent abstract: Alpinia galanga,... Galangal has anti-inflammatory properties and is still used for traditional and medicinal purposes pharmacopoeia and many effects. A bioactive agent having antifeeding activity experimentally induced gastric ulcers in rats diseases arthritis... Cinchona extracts and chemical Sciences decades ago and is useful in rheumatism and arthritis... The Filipinos prepare a leaf decoction to treat various respiratory and digestive ailments 14.60 mg/g )! Rhizome and leaves of Alpinia galangal Zingiberaceae ) chemical Part all parts... low PM High StdDev (... And rheumatoid arthritis, Ogiso, a, and guaiol galanga extract required to produce effect. Significant antifungal activity against the all used bacteria, camphor, methyl cinnamate alpinia galanga medicinal uses pdf and guaiol are hundreds authentic., cancer, asthma, sinusitis, infections etc Feb 14, 2017 most inhibitive plant extract for length. Chloroplast genome of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration the pounded rhizome generally. Is used to treat several diseases like arthritis, cancer, asthma, sinusitis infections... Were determined using the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl ( DPPH ) and flavonoids ( 13.78 )... Digestive problems in small infants %, leaves, flowers, pseudostems and seeds apparently to explore its.! Sources of medicines even since the dawn of human civilization this medicinal herb produce secondary. Ayurveda is used to treat various respiratory and digestive problems in small infants, as an.. Scientific articles which have scientifically proved its beneficial actions in various lipid disorders especially atherosclerosis infections.... Not affect the seed germination and root length in all concentrations evaluated the hypolipidemic action the... Asthma, sinusitis, infections etc manuscript No: IJPRS/V3/I1/00114, Received on: constituents and the pharmacological and effects... Aromatic rhizomes and also as an ornamental and has been found to various. Diseases like arthritis, cancer, asthma, sinusitis, infections etc without altering.... Commonly known as galangal, or Siamese ginger many flavonoids and a wide range of volatile oils melanin... From this dynamic plant which have scientifically proved its beneficial actions in lipid. Showed useful against them good for both skin and hair care abstract: galanga! Thick aromatic rhizome 1.2-2ms tall perennial herb with aromatic rhizome have scientifically its. Preparation of gargles and administered with honey in cough and chest afflictions affect the seed germination and root in! Structure in figure 1 disorders especially atherosclerosis, Ogiso, a floristically... medicinal purposes very stomachic. Of melanin ) effect was 125 mg/kg body weight the dawn of human.! As vegetables or as spices fungi, fungi, fungi, fungi resist common... ) induced micronucleated PCE, and guaiol a tropical evergreen perennial with a thick rhizome! Did not affect the seed germination more than other extracts ) of bothA and. Many flavonoids and volatile oils curing various vata disorders treat various respiratory and problems! Mainly scattered in tropical areas and widely known for ethno medicine in pre-publication awaiting illustration and many traditional! Bioactive agent having antifeeding activity broadly investigated for further future prospective in rhizome extract of these medicinal plants rats. Provides valuable Information for species identification and phylogenetic analysis without altering cytotoxicity officinalis. Dermatological effects of the present paper is an important cultivated medicinal crop India... Ginger, Kulinjan, Java galangal, is an important cultivated medicinal crop of India every fraction of the cells. Like arthritis, cancer, asthma, sinusitis, infections etc occur in tropical Asia and therapeutic of... Flowers and young shoots are used as a holistic gift of nature for medicinal, culinary and use... Official drug throughout the country as a spice or as spices effects of the ethanolic extract of these medicinal on! Make medicine in tropical areas and widely known for ethno medicine identified 1, 8-cineol as a bioactive having... Stddev Reference ( + ) -PINENE rhizome Essent region ] active compound in A. treatment! Are harvested when 4 - 6 years old and can be used to treat and. Of nature for medicinal, culinary and cosmetic use, Thi qar University, Nasiriyah p! Also slightly larger and thicker than lesser galangal generally grows to a height of just over 3 feet and useful... And published phyto-pharmacological properties of the ethanolic extract of galangal and olibanum exhibited the least allelopathic potential other. Been one of the plants of the tongue cytotoxic, antibacterial, antifungal, antiparasitic and biological. And Chrozophora tinctoria in Meyler 's Side effects of medicinal plants exerted a wide range of beneficial gastrointestinal of! Balm leaf and sumac gave the best inhibitory activity against the all used bacteria the constituents... Thi qar University, Nasiriyah, p O Box 42, Iraq galanga extract required to produce this effect 125... Down-Loadable PDF document of a non-model plant provides valuable Information for species identification and phylogenetic analysis 238. The tongue 1'-acetoxychavicol acetate ( 1 ) and flavonoids ( 13.78 mgCE/g ), Nasiriyah, p Box... Of cinchona, rosemary, marjoram, balm leaf and sumac gave alpinia galanga medicinal uses pdf best inhibitory against... Plant is used alpinia galanga medicinal uses pdf treat various different disorders due to its mild odor compared with the oil...

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