£3.50. The origin of most of these quotes comes from Dr. William Thomas Fernie, in his book "Herbal Simples" (Bristol Pub., second edition, 1897), Frédéric Charles Jean Gingins de la Sarraz, "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew", "Outdoor flowering plants - mona lavender", Pasta With Shredded Vegetables and Lavender, "Cooking with Lavender - Purple Haze Lavender (Sequim, WA)", "Lavender Marshmallows - Havoc In The Kitchen", "Expanded Commission E monograph: Lavender flower", "More evidence essential oils 'make male breasts develop, "Evaluation of phototoxic properties of fragrances", Upson T, Andrews S. The Genus Lavandula. [8] From the Middle Ages onwards, the European species were considered two separate groups or genera, Stoechas (L. stoechas, L. pedunculata, L. dentata) and Lavandula (L. spica and L. latifolia), until Linnaeus combined them. Fernleaf lavender (Lavandula pinnata) – native to southern Madeira and the Canary Islands. Lsvender pinnata is different from other lavenders it produces a trident shaped azure blue flower on long flower stems from Spring to late Autumn Height 24" (60cm) flower spikes can reach 36" (80cm). In mid summer until early autumn it has blue-violet flowers. By 1826 Frédéric Charles Jean Gingins de la Sarraz listed 12 species in three sections, and by 1848 eighteen species were known. As with all lavenders the flowers are also attractive to bees and other pollinators. It will also attract wildlife into your garden. Identification: Look at the spikes of flowers. ©2004-2020 Shoot Limited. "English lavender" is commonly used for L. angustifolia, though some references say the proper term is "Old English Lavender". It is said that Queen Elizabeth prized a lavender conserve (jam) at her table, so lavender was produced as a jam at that time, as well as used in teas both medicinally and for its taste. A particularly beautiful lavender species with finely dissected foliage. This plant is listed in the RHS Plant Finder book. Culinary lavender is added to the mixture in the North American version.[36]. The 6 Best Small Growing Evergreen Shrubs. Size: 130cm high x 150cm wide. It does not appear at all in the best-known compendium of Provençal cooking, J.-B. [4][5], The genus includes annual or short-lived herbaceous perennial plants, and shrub-like perennials, subshrubs or small shrubs. [28][29], Lavender buds are put into sugar for two weeks to allow the essential oils and fragrance to transfer; then the sugar itself is used in baking. The plant is native to the Canary Islands and to Madeira. Thanks for your patience. Subgenus Fabricia (Adams.) Can cause significant damage to tomatoes and other crops in countries where it is present. https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/. It is native to the Old World and is found in Cape Verde and the Canary Islands, and from Europe across to northern and eastern Africa, the Mediterranean, southwest Asia to southeast India. May be susceptible to Rosemary beetle and froghoppers (cuckoo spit). Stoechas pinnata (Lundmark) Rchb.f. Recommendation for lavandula pinnata flavor usage levels up to: not for flavor use. Her sections included Stoechas, Spica, Subnudae, Pterostoechas, Chaetostachys and Dentatae. This variety will make an impressive patio plant with its aromatic foliage. Lavandula stoechas, L. pedunculata and L. dentata were known in Roman times. Lavandula angustifolia 'Ellagance Snow' Picture courtesy www.ballstraathof.co.za Uses: Lavender is grown commercially for the extraction of oil from its flowers and to some degree from its foliage. The six sections she proposed for 28 species still left many intermediates that could not easily be assigned. [4], Culinary lavender is usually English lavender, the most commonly used species in cooking (L. angustifolia 'Munstead'). working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of & Muschl.) latifolia. The calyx is tubular. There are also scientific synonyms in use including Lavandula pterostoechas, Lavandula pinnata and Lavandula buchi. Cultivation . Accessed: 09-Oct-10. Pinnata Lavender cannot survive freezing temperatures. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew 2004, United States Department of Agriculture GRIN: Lavandula, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lavandula&oldid=996095149, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Articles containing Old French (842-ca. [16] It grows best in soils with a pH between 6 and 8. Add To Cart . Alfalfa dwarf; Anaheim disease; California vine disease; Dwarf disease of alfalfa; Dwarf disease of lucerne; Leaf scald of oleander; Leaf scald of plum; Leaf scorch; Phony disease of peach; Pierce's disease of grapevine; Variegated chlorosis of citrus. Varieties of English Lavender—Lavandula angustifolia cvs. This subspecies is known to be able to thrive in cooler climates. Indoor unheated (H2), Tender in frost (H3).